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Nginx提高安全与性能的最好配置

主要展示在Nginx中配置X-Frame-Options、X-XSS-Protection、 X-Content-Type-Options、Strict-Transport-Security、https等安全配置。

Nginx.conf配置如下

# 不要将Nginx版本号在错误页面或服务器头部中显示
server_tokens off;

#不允许页面从框架frame 或 iframe中显示,这样能避免clickjacking
# http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clickjacking
# 如果你允许[i]frames, 你能使用SAMEORIGIN 或在ALLOW-FROM中设置你的允许的url
# https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/HTTP/X-Frame-Options
add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;

#当你的网站是用户提供的内容比如博客论坛等,使用 X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff 头部,
# 这是为了失效某些浏览器的内容类型探嗅
# https://www.owasp.org/index.php/List_of_useful_HTTP_headers
# 当前支持IE > 8以上版本 http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2008/09/02/ie8-security-part-vi-beta-2-update.aspx
# http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/gg622941(v=vs.85).aspx
#Firefox https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=471020
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;

# 防止跨站脚本 Cross-site scripting (XSS) ,目前已经被大多数浏览器支持
#默认是激活的,如果被用户失效,可以使用这个配置激活。
# https://www.owasp.org/index.php/List_of_useful_HTTP_headers
add_header X-XSS-Protection “1; mode=block”;

#激活内容安全策略Content Security Policy (CSP) ,大部分浏览器支持
# 告诉浏览器只能从本域名和你显式指定的网址下载脚本。
# http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/security/content-security-policy/#inline-code-considered-harmful
add_header Content-Security-Policy “default-src ‘self’; script-src ‘self’ ‘unsafe-inline’ ‘unsafe-eval’ https://ssl.google-analytics.com https://assets.zendesk.com https://connect.facebook.net; img-src ‘self’ https://ssl.google-analytics.com https://s-static.ak.facebook.com https://assets.zendesk.com; style-src ‘self’ ‘unsafe-inline’ https://fonts.googleapis.com https://assets.zendesk.com; font-src ‘self’ https://themes.googleusercontent.com; frame-src https://assets.zendesk.com https://www.facebook.com https://s-static.ak.facebook.com https://tautt.zendesk.com; object-src ‘none'”;

server {
listen 443 ssl default deferred;
server_name .forgott.com;

ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/star_forgott_com.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/star_forgott_com.key;

#激活会话重续提高https性能
# http://vincent.bernat.im/en/blog/2011-ssl-session-reuse-rfc5077.html
ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# Diffie-Hellman parameter for DHE ciphersuites, recommended 2048 bits
ssl_dhparam /etc/nginx/ssl/dhparam.pem;

#激活服务器端保护免于BEAST 攻击
# http://blog.ivanristic.com/2013/09/is-beast-still-a-threat.html
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
# 失效 SSLv3(自nginx 0.8.19默认激活) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_Sockets_Layer#SSL_3.0
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
# 为保密性和相容性选择密码
# http://blog.ivanristic.com/2013/08/configuring-apache-nginx-and-openssl-for-forward-secrecy.html
ssl_ciphers “ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES128-GCM-SHA256:AES256-SHA256:AES128-SHA256:AES256-SHA:AES128-SHA:DES-CBC3-SHA:HIGH:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!MD5:!PSK:!RC4”;

# 激活ocsp stapling (一种机制:一个网站可以保护隐私可扩展的方式传达的证书撤销信息给访问者)mechanism by which a site can convey certificate revocation information to visitors in a privacy-preserving, scalable manner)
# http://blog.mozilla.org/security/2013/07/29/ocsp-stapling-in-firefox/
resolver 8.8.8.8;
ssl_stapling on;
ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/star_forgott_com.crt;

# 配置激活HSTS(HTTP Strict Transport Security) https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Security/HTTP_Strict_Transport_Security
#避免ssl stripping https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SSL_stripping#SSL_stripping
add_header Strict-Transport-Security “max-age=31536000; includeSubdomains;”;

# … the rest of your configuration
}

# redirect all http traffic to https
server {
listen 80;
server_name .forgott.com;
return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}

原创文章,作者:赛福,如若转载,请注明出处:http://www.safecdn.cn/webserver/nginx/2017/11/nginx-hts.html

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